District Profile

Moradabad is one of the important cities in Uttar Pradesh, well known for its brass industry. It was established under the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar as the head office of Chaupala Pargana. Later on it was named Moradabad after the name of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan’s son Murad Bux, and this name still persists. Moradabad is well connected by road and rail from the rest of India. It is situated 167 km from Delhi, connected to it by the National Highway 24. It is also Divisional Headquarters of Northern Railways, on Howrah and Amritsar main line. Ramganga river flows in the north east and Ganga river in south west of the city. Being situated on the main railway line and National Highway, Moradabad city has attracted industrial and commercial development as the raw material or manufactured goods can easily be transported. Moradabad is on the route from Delhi to many popular hillstations in the state of Uttarakhand (like Nainital, Ranikhet, Almora etc) and Jim Corbett National Park (Tiger Reserve).

Moradabad city is situated in western U.P. between 28°21´ to 28°16´ Latitude North and 78° 4´ to 79 Longitude East. It is bounded on the north by Bijnor district, on the south by Budaun district, on the east by Rampur district and on the west by Jyotiba Phule Nagar district.


Major Farming Systems / Enterprises (Based On The Analysis Made By The Kvk)

S.N. Farming System / Enterprise
1 Major crops – Paddy, Wheat, Mustard, Sugarcane, Mentha, Lentil, Potato
2 Crop rotation– Rice-Sugarcane, Rice- Wheat, Urd-Mustard-Mentha, Jowar-Mustard-Mentha
3 Agriculture + Hort. + Livestock
4 Agri. + Livestock
5 Landless + Livestock

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

S.N. AES Characteristics of A.E.S. Major Commodities Farming System Block
1 I- Central western plain zone of the district Loam and clay loam with high fertility - medium rainfall Rice, wheat, mentha, sugarcane, chilli, cauliflower, cabbage, mango, guava, buffalo, cows Paddy, wheat, sugarcane+ Poplar+ A.H. (Cow, buffalo) Thakurdwara, Dilari, Moradabad, Bhagatpur tanda and Chhajlait
2 II. Central western Plain zone/ Central east southern region of the district Sandy loam to loam soil of medium fertility - medium rainfall Rice, wheat, mentha, sugarcane, mustard as well as vegetables(pea, cucumber, chilli, tomato, potato) and mango fruit, buffalo, cows Paddy, wheat, potato, sugarcane, mentha, mustard based systems + horticulture + A.H. Billari, Baniyakhera, Bahjoi, Panwasa and Sambhal
3 III Central western plain zone Central region of the district Sandy loam to loam and clay soil of medium fertility - medium rainfall Rice, wheat, mentha, sugarcane, potato, guava, mango, poplar etc. Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, mentha based systems poplar + A.H.+ Hort. Munda pandey, Kundarki and Asmoli

Climate

Moradabad has a hot climate for most of the year. The average summer temperatures range from 25º C to 46º C, May and June being the hottest months. The monsoon extends from July-September, bringing an average rainfall of 967 mm. Winters last from November to February-March. Cold waves from the Himalayan region make the winters in Moradabad very chilly. Temperatures fall as low as 3º to 4ºC at the peak of winter.


Soil Type's

S.N. Soil Type's Area (ha)
1 Clay Loam 81930
2 Sandy Soil 25537
3 Sandy Loam 84518
4 Loam 126433
Total 317919

Rivers

North - Ram Ganga, Rainfall : 430.78 mm. Temperature : 6 - 47.0 oC., Humidity – 75 – 85%


Villages

834, Tehsils : (Sadar,Bilari , Kanth and thakurdwara)


Population

4773138, Moradabad is 2th most Populous district out of total 71 districts in Uttar Pradesh and it is 26th most Populous district in India.The population density of Moradabad is 1284 Persons per square Km. It is 10th most densely populated out of 71 districts in Uttar Pradesh and it is 53th most densely populated district out of total 640 districts in India.


Major Industry

Sugar, Brass and paper. It has 03 sugar mills.

Export

A famous brass city of India & Major exports of brass made religious and domestic ornament articles to export all over world. Moradabad city is famous for the Brass Metal Handicrafts and exports to the tune of Rs. 2200 Crores on yearly basis. A good no. of Artisans are also engaged in home manufacturing of Horn and Bone handicrafts articles in Sambhal. About 12 lakh metric tons of food grain, 10 thousand metric tons of oil seeds, 90 lakh metric tons of sugar cane & 2.6 lakh metric tons of potatoes are annually produced here and a major part of it is exported to other districts of the state and out of the state.


Per Capita Income : Rs.25355 per month.

Agriculture

Net Cultivated Area : 183169 ha, Irrigation: 99.5%; Cropping intensity: 180.0%. 75% population is engaged in agriculture.

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (MT) Productivity (Qtl /ha)
1 Wheat 205981 605.2 29.38
2 Lentil 1160 0.7 5.87
3 Mustard / Toriya 10235 12.4 12.09
4 Paddy (Rice) 139065 325.7 23.42
5 Bajra 31231 38.3 12.27
6 Urd 11177 9.6 8.60

Weather data (rainfall) Dist. Moradabad

S.N. Month 2013 2014
1 Jan 0.00 15.58
2 Feb 23.50 0.83
3 March 6.33 4.17
4 April 5.17 7.25
5 May 38.92 2.13
6 June 175.00 13.75
7 July 199.05 174.85
8 Aug 470.02 233.38
9 Sept. 89.13 82.75
10 Oct. 2.25
11 Nov. 0.00
12 Dec. 0.00
Total Rainfall 1009.37 534.69
Average Rainfall 84.114 59.41

Details of Operation Area / Villages

S.N. Taluk/Village Name of Block Major Crops & Enterprises Major Problem Identified Identified Thrust Area
1 Fattepur Natha Bilari Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane Mentha, Mustard, Poplar, Dairy Low Productivity of paddy, wheat, mustard, urd etc.
The main reason of low yield is due to lack of high yielding varieties, imbalance use of fertilizer & less awareness of insect and disease control timely.
Diversification in agriculture Lack of high yielding varieties.
Less availability of plant protection measures.
2 Bhurmaresi Bilari Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane Mentha, Mustard, Poplar, Dairy Low Productivity of paddy, wheat, mustard, urd etc.
The main reason of low yield is due to lack of high yielding varieties, imbalance use of fertilizer & less awareness of insect and disease control timely.
Low yield of paddy, wheat, mentha & mustard
Diversification in agriculture Lack of high yielding varieties.
Less availability of plant protection measures.
Heavy infestation of weeds.
3 Khanpur Bilari Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane Mentha, Mustard, Dairy, Chilli, bottle guard, colocacia Poor milk production and infertility in animals.
Lack of knowledge of quality planting material and production technology in horticultural crops.
Low yield of paddy, wheat, mentha & mustard
Diversification in Agriculture.
Use of improved variety and IPM, ICM.
Heavy infestation of weeds.
4 Ram Nagar Gangpur Bilari Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane Mentha, Mustard, Poplar, Dairy Use of local varieties of different crops by the farmers.
Pest problems Low yield of paddy, wheat, mentha & mustard
Diversification in Agriculture.
Use of improved variety and IPM, ICM.
Heavy infestation of weeds.
5 Sihari Ladda Bilari Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane Mentha, Mustard, Dairy, Poplar,Chilli, Onion, Gartic, Cucurbits. Lack of knowledge of improved varietied of different crops.
Pest problems
Lack of knowledge of inter cropping
Crop management & nutrient management.
Disease & insect control of cereals and vegerable crops.
Poor milk production and infertility in animals
Diversification in agriculture.
Use of improved varieties.
Inter cropping technique.
Crop management.
Weed control diseases and insect control.

Priority Thrust Areas

Crop/Enterprises Thrust Area
Sugarcane HYV,INM,IPM & Weed management
Rice HYV,INM,IPM ,Weed management & IDM
Wheat HYV, INM, Weed management, IPM, IDM
Mustard HYV, INM, IPM, IDM
Mentha HYV, INM, IPM, IDM
Urd HYV,INM,IPM
Maize HYV,INM,IPM
Animal Husbandry Feed & fodder management, Disease management, Dairy management, Poultry production
Cucurbits HYV, INM, IPM
Cool Crop HYV, INM, IPM
Spice Management Technology