District Profile

Moradabad is one of the important cities in Uttar Pradesh, well known for its brass industry. It was established under the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar as the head office of Chaupala Pargana. Later on it was named Moradabad after the name of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan’s son Murad Bux, and this name still persists. Moradabad is well connected by road and rail from the rest of India. It is situated 167 km from Delhi, connected to it by the National Highway 24. It is also Divisional Headquarters of Northern Railways, on Howrah and Amritsar main line. Ramganga river flows in the north east and Ganga river in south west of the city. Being situated on the main railway line and National Highway, Moradabad city has attracted industrial and commercial development as the raw material or manufactured goods can easily be transported. Moradabad is on the route from Delhi to many popular hillstations in the state of Uttarakhand (like Nainital, Ranikhet, Almora etc) and Jim Corbett National Park (Tiger Reserve).

Moradabad city is situated in western U.P. between 28°21´ to 28°16´ Latitude North and 78° 4´ to 79 Longitude East. It is bounded on the north by Bijnor district, on the south by Sambhal district, on the east by Rampur district and on the west by Amroha district.


Major Farming Systems / Enterprises (Based On The Analysis Made By The Kvk)

S.N. Farming System / Enterprise
1 Major crops – Paddy, Wheat, Mustard, Sugarcane, Mentha, Lentil, Potato
2 Crop rotation– Rice-Sugarcane, Rice- Wheat, Urd-Mustard-Mentha, Jowar-Mustard-Mentha
3 Agriculture + Hort. + Livestock
4 Agri. + Livestock
5 Landless + Livestock

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

S.N. AES Characteristics of A.E.S. Major Commodities Farming System Block
1 I- Central western plain zone of the district -Loam and clay loam with high fertility - medium rainfall Rice, wheat, mentha, sugarcane, chili, cauliflower, cabbage, mango, guava, buffalo, cows Paddy, wheat, sugarcane+ Poplar+ A.H. (Cow, buffalo) Thakurdwara, Dilari, Moradabad, Bhagatpur Tanda and Chhajlait
2 II. Central western Plain zone/ Central east southern region of the district -Sandy loam to loam soil of medium fertility - medium rainfall Rice, wheat, mentha, sugarcane, mustard as well as vegetables (pea, cucumber, chili, tomato, potato) and mango fruit, buffalo, cows Paddy, wheat, potato, sugarcane, mentha, mustard based systems + horticulture + A.H. Bilari
3 III Central western plain zone/ central region of the district -Sandy loam to loam and clay soil of medium fertility - medium rainfall Rice, wheat, mentha, sugarcane, potato, guava, mango, poplar etc. Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, mentha based systems + poplar + A.H.+ Hort. Munda pandey & Kundarki

Climate

Moradabad has a hot climate for most of the year. The average summer temperatures range from 25º C to 46º C, May and June being the hottest months. The monsoon extends from July-September, bringing an average rainfall of 967 mm. Winters last from November to February-March. Cold waves from the Himalayan region make the winters in Moradabad very chilly. Temperatures fall as low as 3º to 4ºC at the peak of winter.


Soil Type's

S.N. Soil Type's Area (ha)
1 Clay Loam 81930
2 Sandy Soil 25537
3 Sandy Loam 84518
4 Loam 126433
Total 317919

Rivers

North - Ram Ganga, Rainfall : 430.78 mm. Temperature : 6 - 47.0 oC., Humidity – 75 – 85%


Villages

1210, Tehsils : (Sadar,Bilari , Kanth and thakurdwara)


Population

a population of Moradabad district is 47,72,006 (persons) including 25,03,186 (males) and 22,68,820 (females). The district has a sex ratio of 906 (females for every 1000 males. The major religions in the district are Hindu (52.14%) and Muslim (47.12%) of the total population respectively. The literacy rate in the district is 56.77% (persons), 64.83% (males) and 47.86% (females). Main spoken languages are Hindi (82.48%), Urdu (17.31%), Punjabi (0.14%). Labour Force Participation Rate is 42.00% for the year 2017-2018.


Major Industry

Sugar, Brass and paper. It has 03 sugar mills.

Export

Moradabad is popularly known as the Brass City of the country. Countries like Britain, the US, Middle East, Germany and Canada import brassware from Moradabad. In Moradabad, there are about 600 export units and 9000 industries in the district. Moradabad exports goods worth Rs. 4500 crore yearly. Products such as iron sheet, metal wares, aluminum, artworks and glassware are exported. The export of mint is done in several crores from Moradabad. Due to upsurge of exports and popularity in foreign particularly in America, Europe, Italy and other countries, a large No. of exporters are launching their units and started their export.Moradabad is of the seven industrial corridors declared by the State Government in Industrial Policy 1999–2002


Per Capita Income : Rs.61,705 per month.

Agriculture

Net Cultivated Area : Total cropped area is 3,10,990 in hectares and the forest area is 28.00 in sq km (2019). 183169 ha, Irrigation: 99.5%; Cropping intensity: 180.0%. 75% population is engaged in agriculture.

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (MT) Productivity (Qtl /ha)
1 Wheat 115217 460983 40.01
2 Lentil 481 385 8.00
3 Mustard / Toriya 2194 2635 12.01
4 Paddy (Rice) 89451 223985 25.04
5 Bajra 2609 1946 7.46
6 Urd 3262 2923 8.96
7 Sugarcane 46496 2951380 634.76 (2016-17)
B VEGETABLES
1 Potato 6700 164150 245

Weather data (rainfall) Dist. Moradabad

S.N. Month 2018 2019
1 Jan 34.46 9.0
2 Feb 15.15 13.50
3 March 56.38 42.66
4 April 25.0 21.7
5 May 3.3 5.53
6 June 194.78 9.73
7 July 341.60 367.50
8 Aug 441.50 445.6
9 Sept. 192.0 42.73
10 Oct. 22.0
11 Nov. 0.00
12 Dec. 21.8
Total Rainfall 1348.11 957.95
Average Rainfall 112.34 79.82

Details of Operation Area / Villages

S.N. Taluk/Village Name of Block Major Crops & Enterprises Major Problem Identified Identified Thrust Area
1 Fattepur Natha Bilari Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane Mentha, Mustard, Poplar, Dairy Low Productivity of paddy, wheat, mustard, urd etc.
The main reason of low yield is due to lack of high yielding varieties, imbalance use of fertilizer & less awareness of insect and disease control timely.
Diversification in agriculture Lack of high yielding varieties.
Less availability of plant protection measures.
2 Bhurmaresi Bilari Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane Mentha, Mustard, Poplar, Dairy Low Productivity of paddy, wheat, mustard, urd etc.
The main reason of low yield is due to lack of high yielding varieties, imbalance use of fertilizer & less awareness of insect and disease control timely.
Low yield of paddy, wheat, mentha & mustard
Diversification in agriculture Lack of high yielding varieties.
Less availability of plant protection measures.
Heavy infestation of weeds.
3 Khanpur Bilari Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane Mentha, Mustard, Dairy, Chilli, bottle guard, colocacia Poor milk production and infertility in animals.
Lack of knowledge of quality planting material and production technology in horticultural crops.
Low yield of paddy, wheat, mentha & mustard
Diversification in Agriculture.
Use of improved variety and IPM, ICM.
Heavy infestation of weeds.
4 Ram Nagar Gangpur Bilari Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane Mentha, Mustard, Poplar, Dairy Use of local varieties of different crops by the farmers.
Pest problems Low yield of paddy, wheat, mentha & mustard
Diversification in Agriculture.
Use of improved variety and IPM, ICM.
Heavy infestation of weeds.
5 Sihari Ladda Bilari Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane Mentha, Mustard, Dairy, Poplar,Chilli, Onion, Gartic, Cucurbits. Lack of knowledge of improved varietied of different crops.
Pest problems
Lack of knowledge of inter cropping
Crop management & nutrient management.
Disease & insect control of cereals and vegerable crops.
Poor milk production and infertility in animals
Diversification in agriculture.
Use of improved varieties.
Inter cropping technique.
Crop management.
Weed control diseases and insect control.

Priority Thrust Areas

Crop/Enterprises Thrust Area
Rice/Wheat Integrated plant nutrient management in rice -wheat cropping.
Rice/Wheat Integrated weed management in rice -wheat cropping
Pulses Enhancing the area under Kharif & Rabi pulses
Oil Seeds Enhancing the area under Kharif & Rabi oil seeds.
Cereals/Pulses/Oil Seeds IPM in crops
Cereals/Pulses/Oil seeds Promotion of new released varieties.
Seed production Promotion of seed production in different crops.
Mango Rejuvenation of old mango orchards
Guava Management of Guava orchards.
Vegetables Promotion of organic farming in vegetables.
Floriculture Promotion of income generating crops.
Bee-keeping Popularization of Bee-keeping
Vermi compost Popularization of Vermi composting