Success Story

Success Story - 1

Dr. Hasan Tanveer & Dr. R. K. Singh

Wheat variety - PBW-550 – Become popular in farmers for their yield and disease resistance in the District- Moradabad.

Situation analysis/problem statement - Sri Dharamveer singh, Vill – Ramnagar Ganngpur, Post – Mangupura, Block- Bilari, , district- Moradabad, a farmer who was selected for timely sown wheat variety and their production technology, training/demonstration. He was used older variety of wheat PBW- 343. This variety was susceptible to yellow rust and give low grain yield.

Plan implement and support – KVK Moradabad – I tried to make him aware regarding scientific cultivation of wheat and it was started from land preparation to harvesting. The KVK had encouraged the farmer for soil testing. On the basis of soil testing, advised him for balance dose of fertilizers which was used in variety PBW- 550. The variety was sown on 15-11-2012 with line sowing and half dose of N₂, full dose of P₂ O₅ and full dose of K₂ O as basal dose application while ¼ part N₂ used after first irrigation (crown root stage) and ¼ part used after 3rd irrigation (tillerig stage).

Output - Sri Dharamveer singh used the balanced dose of fertilizer N:P:K :: 150:60:40 Kg/ha in wheat crop as per suggestion of KVK scientist for his 0.1 ha land. His yield was 5.54 q/1000 sq mt for var. PBW- 550 while in PBW- 343 yield 4.25/1000 sq mt and got 28.23% more yield in demonstration. The economic gain in terms of per 1000sq mt unit expenditure, gross income , net return and BCR were recorded as Rs 2150, Rs 6630, Rs 4480 and 1:3.08, respectively.

Outcome – Wheat is a major staple food grain of the district. KVK Moradabad conducted 30 demonstration in 6 village during 2011-12 to 2013-14. The variety PBW- 550 had been spread more than 200 villages of the district and covered 1200 ha area approximately. The impact of this varietal demonstration was motivating farmers comminutes to replace their old varieties having low yield and disease susceptibly.

Impact - Sri Dharamveer singh is now become one of the progressive and aware farmer to popularize PBW-550. He is participating in KVK activities and get aware for his own development. Sri Dharamveer singh is happy with his high production and management technology and ascribe as an example for other farmers of the district.



Success Story - 2

खेती व सह व्यवसाय (मधुमक्खी पालन) पर सफलता की कहानी

डा. अरविन्द कुमार एवं डा. आर. के. सिंह, कृषि विज्ञान केन्द्र, मुरादाबाद
(स.व.भा.प. कृषि एवं प्रौ. वि. वि., मेरठ) उ. प्र.

कृषक का नाम : श्री राजपाल सिंह
पिता का नाम : श्री होरी सिंह
ग्रा. : खानपुर
पो. : सराय ज्वालापुरी
जिला : मुरादाबाद
फोन नं. : 8650712817
शैक्षिक योग्यता : जूनियर हाईस्कूल
आयु. : 50 वर्ष
कृषि योग्य भूमि : 4.0 एकड

श्री राजपाल सिंह का मुख्य व्यवसाय कृषि है तथा यह काफी लम्बे समय से कृषि करते आ रहे है । इनकी मुख्य फसलें धान, गेहूॅ, सरसों, उर्द है । परन्तु इन फसलों की खेती करने से श्री राजपाल सिंह को काफी मेहनत करने के बाद भी आपेक्षित लाभ नही मिल पाता था । अतः इनके दिमाग में खेती के साथ-साथ खेती से ही जुडा हुआ कोई अन्य व्यवसाय करने की बात आई। कोई अन्य व्यवसाय करने की बात सोचकर इन्होने कृषि विज्ञान केन्द्र से सम्पर्क किया । केन्द्र के कृषि वैज्ञानिकों से विचार विमर्श किया तो वैज्ञानिकों ने मधुमक्खी पालन करने की सलाह दी । तो इन्होने 2009 में 5 बाॅक्स से शुरूआत की परन्तु इन्हे आपेक्षित लाभ नही मिल सका तब इन्होंने डा0 अरविन्द कुमार, वैज्ञानिक पादप सुरक्षा से वार्ता की । डा0 अरविन्द कुमार ने बताया कि हम रोजगार परक प्रशिक्षण के अन्तर्गत एक सप्ताह का मधुमक्खी पालन का प्रशिक्षण देते है । अतः श्री राजपाल सिंह ने वर्ष 2012 में प्रशिक्षण प्राप्त कर मधुमक्खी पालन का कार्य शुरू किया । कार्य प्रारभ्भ करने के उपरान्त बहुत सी समस्याये इनके सामने आयी जैसे - मधुमक्खियों की बीमारी, मधुमक्खी की अच्छी प्रजाति का न मिलना, कृत्रिम भेजन को समय पर न देना, माईग्रेशन न कराना, सफाई पर विशेष ध्यान न देना आदि, परन्तु ये समय-समय पर केन्द्र पर कार्यरत डा0 अरविन्द कुमार से वार्ता कर मधुमक्खी पालन से सम्बन्धित समस्याओं का समाधान करते रहे । केन्द्र के वैज्ञानिकों द्वारा भी इनके यहाॅ भ्रमण किया गया । वर्ष 2015-16 में इनके पास 150 बाक्स थे। जो वर्ष 2016-17 में बढकर 200 बाॅक्स हो गये है । तथा अच्छी गुणवत्तायुक्त शहद का उत्पादन कर रहे है । वर्ष 2015-16 में इनका शहद उत्पादन 52.50 कु0 हुआ तथा 37.5 किलो0 मोम उत्पादन भी हुआ जिसका मुल्य रू0 536250.00 तथा शुद्व आय रू0 311250.00 प्राप्त हुई।

आय में वृद्वि - इस प्रकार विगत वर्षो में खेती से आय रू0 138400.00 तथा खेती के साथ सह व्यवसाय के रूप में मधुमक्खी पालन से रू0 311250.00 प्राप्त हुये । इस प्रकार कुल आय एक वर्ष में रू0 449650.00 प्राप्त हुये ।

प्रसार - इनके मधुमक्खी पालन के कार्य को देखकर गाॅव के चार कृषक तथा आस-पास के ग्रामों में भी मधुमक्खी पालन का कार्य चल रहा है । इस प्रकार खेती के साथ-साथ उक्त सह व्यवसाय को अपनाने के लिये मेरे द्वारा भी तथा कृषि विज्ञान केन्द्र द्वारा भी प्रेरित किया जाता है। ताकि मेरी तरह अन्य कृषक भाईयों की आय में बढोत्तरी हो सके ।

प्रशस्ति पत्र - मेरे कार्य को देखते हुये केन्द्र द्वारा वर्ष 2016 में मुझे प्रशस्ति पत्र देकर सम्मानित किया गया ।


खेती के साथ सहव्यवसाय (मधुमक्खीपालन) का आर्थिक मूल्यांकन खेती से आय - (2015-16)

खरीफ
धान हाइब्रिड (च्भ्ठ.71) 2.0 एकड 22 44 1250 55000 24000 (12000 प्रति एकड) 31000
उर्द (अलंकार) 2.0 एकड 4.8 9.6 5500 52800 16000 (8000 प्रति एकड) 36800
रबी सीजन
गेहूॅ (च्ठॅ.550) भूसा 3.0 18 54
50 कु.
1500 81000 42000 ;140 प्रति एकडद्ध 39000
20000
सरसों (क्रांति) 1.0 6.0 6 3400 20400 9000 (9000 प्रति एकड) 11600
कुल आय 138400

मधुमक्खीपालन से आय

बाॅक्स सं. उत्पादन किग्रा./वर्ष मोम उत्पादन किग्रा./वर्ष बिक्री दर शहद बिक्री दर मोम कुल आय शहद + मोम लागत/वर्ष शुद्व आय
150 5250 37.5 100 300 525000 + 11250 : 536250 225000 311250

कुल आय शुद्व = रू. 138400 + 311250 = 449650.00



Success Story - 3

Successful cultivation of intercrops in Autumn Sugarcane

Dr. A. K. Mishra & Dr. R. K. Singh

Sri Sarnam Singh S/O Sri Itwari Singh resident of village Khanpur, Block Bilari, Distt. - Moradabad having about 5.0 Acres of land, come in contact with Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Moradabad in the year of 2012-13 and he was advised to grow Autumn sugarcane with intercrop in crop rotation to get better income from his farm. With this new technology, germination of sugarcane improved from 60-70% and ultimately got higher yield of sugarcane. Farmer was suggested to take such intercrops which having higher market demand like Garlic, Mustard, Potato etc. He was able to obtain additional income by growing intercrops in autumn sugarcane as compare to sole crop, but best results were obtained with sugarcane + garlic 2014-15 & 2015-16.

These intercrops proved highly beneficial in besides giving good economic return. The productivity of the system and economic is given below .


Table No. 1 : Economics of Different Intercropping Systems

Year Intercropping System Yield (q/ha.) Gross return (Rs./ha.) Total Expenditure (Rs./ha.) Net Return(Rs./ha.) B:C: Ratio
2013-14 S.cane + Mustard
S.cane + Potato
S.Cane : 675.50, 756.65
Intercrop : 15.50, 223.50
219308
248565
112425
125425
113825
123140
1:1.95
1:1.98
2014-15 S.cane + Mustard
S.cane + Garlic
S.Cane : 672.50, 684.50
Intercrop : 15.75, 102.50
242275507255 123325
186780
123625
320475
1:1.96
1:2.72
2015-16 S.cane + Garlic
S.cane + Mustard
S.Cane : 683.65, 678.50
Intercrop : 97.65, 17.25
605950
274103
224550
138124
381400
135979
1:2.70
1:1.98

Salient Observation from Different System

Sugar Cane + Mustard : Intercropping of mustard with sugar cane is becoming very popular in the district.

  • The most optimum time of sowing both the crops is first for night of October.
  • The sugarcane germination within 3-4 weeks, but in the month of Nov. The S.cane crop has remains dormant till February and this character facilities growth of Mustard.
  • The mustard is harvested by mid march when temperature rices.
  • The yield of mustard is up to15.75 q/ha. as additional production.

  • Sugarcane + Potato

    Intercropping of sugarcane + Potato is also very profitable. In this system sugarcane is planted at 90 cm. distance in Ist week of october and one row of Potato is planted between two row of sugarcane. Sugarcane crop is irrigated as per need of potato crop potato yield obtained from intercropping system in term of economically the net profit for both crops is Rs. 1,23140/- ha. & B.C. ratio is 1.98 respectively. Based on the existing agronomy, the potato based intercropping is not easy and not be common practice.


    Sugarcane + Garlic

    As the spices (garlic + onion) are very remunerative one labour intensive, their intercropping in autumn sugarcane my increase the income level as well as employment potential for small farmers. second thinks, these crop also posses peculiar odeeur which may serve as a repellent to the insect - pests of sugarcane (Verma etal., 1981) observed significant reduction in Top borrer incidence. When garlic was intercropped with sugarcane crop.

    In case of Garlic + sugarcane intercropping system, planting of sugarcane is done in the month of October and simultaneously cloves of garlic are manually planted on the bed in row and field is immediately irrigated. Garlic yield from Sugarcane + Garlic intercropping system ranges from 102.5q/ha. and 97.65 q/ha. in the year of 2014-15 & 2015-16, in term of economic purpose the highest net return received in sugarcane +garlic intercropping system Rs. 3,20475/- (2014-15) & 381400/- (2015-16) and B.C. Ratio is also higher as compare to other intercropping system 1:2.72 (2014-15) & 1:2.7. (2015-16)respectively.


    Horizontal spread of Technology

    S.N. Year Intercropping System No. of Village No. of Farmers Area (ha.)
    1 2013-14 Sugarcane + Mustard
    Sugarcane + Potato
    Sugarcane + Garlic
    19
    07
    12
    56
    19
    25
    116
    22
    51
    2 2014-15 Sugarcane + Mustard
    Sugarcane + Potato
    Sugarcane + Garlic
    65
    29
    14
    122
    66
    27
    276
    127
    43
    3 2015-16 Sugarcane + Mustard
    Sugarcane + Potato
    Sugarcane + Garlic
    125
    42
    19
    375
    161
    32
    525
    352
    66

    Now Sri Sarnam Singh is fully satisfied with this technology and continuously growing various intercrops in autumn planted sugarcane and getting higher net returns from this system (Table No. 1) the is helping KVK in organizing various transfer of technological activities.



    success story under CRM

    “Generation of income of Sri Mukul Kumar Sharma by the use of Chopper and Mulcher for the field preparation of potatocrop.”

    Sri Mukul Kumar Sharma S/O Sri Vinod Shankar Sharma, Near Gamadevat Mandir, Mohalla Abdulla, Block – Bilari, District – Moradabad – 202411. He is having 05 hectare land and 03 hectare used for potato cropping in the rabi 2019-20. There are 06 members in his family and depend on him.

    Potato is a major crop after wheat and paddy due to its highest consumption as a routine. Yesteryears, Sri Sharma was used traditional method to prepare potato field with the help of cultivator and disc harrow. He always worried about burning of paddy crop residue in the field and think about a machine which can be utilize crop residue. With this thought keep in mind, Sri Sharma came to Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Bilari, Moradabad and met Dr. Hasan Tanveer, SMS/AP and Dr. R.K. Singh, Prof. Head for the solution of crop residue burning.

    Sri Sharma discussed all the problems related to paddy straw burning and higher cost involved in potato field preparation. We suggested him to use Chopper to cut the stubbles of paddy in small pieces and afterwards use of Mulcher in the field to burry small pieces of paddy stubbles in the soil. We suggested sri Sharma to take advantages of KVK to improve his framing system and increase the income.

    Sri Sharma was getting the technical information regarding Chopper and Mulcher, how to prepare his field by these machineries. He made his field excellent for the purpose of sowing of potato crop during rabi 2019-20. Sri Sharma is happy with the use of Chopper and Mulcher and appreciated KVK Bilari, Moradabad for providing above machineries / technologies under crop residue management project.

    The major benefits are as under:-

  • No burning of paddy straw in the field.
  • Improvement in the amount of organic matter of soil.
  • Pre irrigation of soil preparation is not required.
  • Use of chemical fertilizer may be reduced gradually due to mixing of crop residue in the field/soil.
  • Yield of potato is improved as compared to other normal field preparation.
  • Normal field – 240 – 260 q/ha.

    Field prepared with -

    Chopper and Mulcher – 300 – 320 q/ha.

    Hasan Tanveer SMS/Assit. Prof. (Plant breeding) KVK, Moradabad - I     Ram Karan Singh Prof. Head KVK, Moradabad - I

    Now Sri Sarnam Singh is fully satisfied with this technology and continuously growing various intercrops in autumn planted sugarcane and getting higher net returns from this system (Table No. 1) the is helping KVK in organizing various transfer of technological activities.



    Success Story ( Bee-Keeping)

    Miss Shobha D/O Sh. Hukum Singh,
    Village – Nazrana,
    Post – Chhajlet, Block – Chhajlet,
    District – Moradabad (U.P.)
    Mobile No. 9837375819


    Introduction of the Entrepreneurs

    Miss Shobha is a young entrepreneur who is proceeding with unbridled enthusiasm to change the world around her. Shobha is one of the youngest bee- keeper who is working on this from last 8 years. She left her studies after 5th school standard due to financial constraints and also being distant from her home but now, getting positive result from her enterprise she is even pursuing M.A. final (sociology). Her father is a small farmer and she is also engaged in farming with her father.


    Resources Possessed

    Her father is a small farmer, thereby holding 1.1 ha. land. Also, a tube well is attached with the farm land. Around 2-3 milch animals are there.


    Sources of Motivation

    Shobha is high on self motivation. It is her inner motivation that keeps her going. She also inspires other people of her area.

    Technology and Innovation Adopted

  • First of all we prepare Queen Cell cup with the help of melted bee wax and cell cup farming stick.
  • After that affix Queen Cell cups to a wooden cell bars of Queen rearing frame.
  • Take the larvae less than 24 hours age by grafting needle carefully and transfer them in to Queen Cell cup with sufficient amount of royal jelly for larvae.
  • Provide larval frame in to cell builder coloney.
  • The Queen Cells are constructed /raised and sealed by bees in about 10 days after larval grafting.
  • It is must that before the emergence of the Queen, the sealed Queen Cell are transplanted one by one in to dequeened colonies.

  • Achievements/Results -          Income and Expenditure from bee keeping

    Year No. of Boxes (Colonies) Yield of Honey(kg) Yield of Wax (kg) No. of Artificial Queen Cell Produced(nos.) Sale Rate of Honey (Rs./kg) Sale Rate of Wax (Rs./kg) Sale Rate of Artificial Queen Cell (Rs. per cell ) Total Income (Honey + wax + Queen Cell ) (Rs.) Total Expenditure (Rs.) Net Income (Rs.)
    2018 25 775 6.5 1000 120 275 25 119788 63750 56038 + 25000 (Cost of increased frames of bees ) Total - Rs. 81038
    2019 50 1600 13.75 2250 125 250 25 259688 115000 144688 + 45000 (Cost of increased frames of bees) Total – Rs. 189688

    Contributing factors

  • The great helping hand in this venture is of parents and family.
  • Before start her bee-keeping she took training from syndicate bank which helps her a lot in building her enterprise.
  • Good days started when she started Artificial Mass Rearing of Queen Bees/ Queen Cell and saling them with honey and wax production with the technical help of KVK, Moradabad – I.

  • Awards/Recognitions received

  • She was awarded with Mandal Level Khaadi Gramodyog Board award in 2014-15 for queen grafting.
  • She was awarded with Malala award in year 2015 for bee-keeping.
  • She was awarded with woman innovator award for 100 city 100 face in year 2019.
  • She was also awarded with district level Khaadi Gramodyog award 2020.

  • Importance for other farmers

    She is giving training to other farmers of bee-keeping free of cost. This will help them in generating more income and have better livelihood. It also helps the farmers to learn innovations in bee-keeping.